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History of Chaozhou Ceramic Mugs

Ceramic Mug    From:Xinxiang Ceramic Mug Manufacturers     2019-3-24
From Xinxiang Ceramic Mug Manufacturer,The ancestors of Chaozhou had produced pottery eight thousand years ago; the Han and Jin Dynasties had produced a large number of pottery, and the Tang Dynasty had been able to produce exquisite pottery. Bijiashan Kiln Area is an important carrier of Chaozhou Culture. Chaozhou kiln was in its heyday in the Northern Song Dynasty. The export of Chaozhou porcelain mugs in the Ming and Qing Dynasties and the early years of the Republic was in good condition. Chaozhou kiln produces pottery thousands of years earlier than Jingde kiln.

On April 12, 2004, China Light Industry Federation and Ceramic Industry Association awarded Chaozhou the title of "China Porcelain Capital". This paper makes a comparison with Jingdezhen in three aspects: the history of making ceramics in Chaozhou, the scale of production and export, and the international influence. It draws a conclusion that Chaozhou ceramics have profound historical and cultural connotations.

1. Beyond the cold at the beginning of Biwa: Chaozhou produced a large number of ceramics during the Han and Jin Dynasties.

In the introduction of "China Atlas Jiangxi Province" published by Map Publishing House, "Jingdezhen City is located on the Anhui-Jiangxi Railway Line in the northeastern part of the province. It has a history of more than 1,600 years. It is one of the four famous towns in ancient China. In the Song Dynasty, Jingdeming Kiln was famous all over the country because of its well-developed ceramic industry, and it is known as"Porcelain Capital". There are two mistakes in this introduction. Firstly, although Jingdezhen and Zhuxian Town, which Yuefei defeated the Jinbing, Jinhua Town, and Foshan Town, which are rich in ham and well-developed in foundry industry, are the four famous towns in China, they are not related to "ancient times" because they were called "Jingdezhen" only in the late Qing Dynasty. Because in the concept of history, the late Qing Dynasty belonged to modern times rather than ancient times. Secondly, there was no "Jingde famous kiln" in Song Dynasty. Jingde was one of the years when Zhao Heng (998-1021) reigned in Song Zhenzong. It lasted only four years, that is, from 1004 to 107. Legend has it that at that time in Fuliang County, Raozhou, Jiangxi Province, China began to produce porcelains, so the name of the town is Nian. Today, the city was formerly known as "Dachang", which was the official kiln site built in Xuande Dynasty of Ming Dynasty (from 1426). From the perspective of Archaeology and relics, Jingdezhen has a history of large-scale porcelain making for more than 600 years, which is 400 years slower than Chaozhou's large-scale export of porcelain in the reign of Shenzong Xining in the Northern Song Dynasty (from 1068). It is groundless to say that there were famous Jingdezhen kilns in the Song Dynasty.

Fuliang County was founded only in the reign of Tang Xianzong and Yuan Dynasty (beginning in 806), which was more than 200 years slower than that of Chaozhou in the eleventh year (591) of Emperor Wendi's Kaihuang in Sui Dynasty, and more than 1800 years slower than that of Haiyang in the first year (1050 BC). Fuliang County was famous for its tea production in Tang and Song Dynasties, and Bai Juyi (772-846, Zile Tian, Taiyuan people) was a great poet of Tang Dynasty in his later years. In the long poem Pipa Xing, there is also the sentence "Buy tea from Fuliang the day before yesterday". Raozhou (including Fuliang) in the Song Dynasty also had factories producing tea for the Royal family. The large-scale firing of porcelain must take soil and cut down trees as fuel, which seems to be impermissible under the regulations of the imperial tea garden. It can be seen that the Song Dynasty may not be able to produce a large number of firing porcelain in the tea production area of Fuliang.

In Chaozhou, it is generally believed that Xining and Yuanyou in the Northern Song Dynasty produced pottery in Bijiashan in the eastern part of the city (its kiln site was designated as a key cultural relic protection unit in Guangdong Province in September 1961 and found as a national key cultural relic protection unit), but from the archaeological discovery, the ancestors of Chaozhou had produced pottery eight thousand years ago. In 1993, thick gray rope-shaped pottery pieces were unearthed on the south wall of the new opening at the end of Xiangshan Mountain in Houzhai Town, Raoping County, South Australia. According to Professor Zeng Qian of Sun Yat-sen University, they were produced 8,000 years ago, while a large number of pottery fragments were unearthed at the Baiqiu sites of Chen Qiao and Chihu Village in the outskirts of Chaozhou City, proving that pottery had been produced in large quantities in the outskirts of Chaozhou City more than 4,000 years As Mr. Rao Zongyi put forward, pottery chips unearthed in Chaozhou belong to various regions, with multi-linen patterns… Ceramics in the northwest are rare, which is the main feature of Yue culture in the south. From the preface of Chaoshan Archaeological Collection, Emperor Liu Bangfengyue will be the Haiyang Marquis of 1,800 households in Chengyi in the sixth year of the Han Dynasty (201 BC). He or his descendants have built a royal platform on the west side of Lianyang River (the former Chaozhou ancient seaport) in the north of Chengcheng City. From the large number of tiles, tiles and tiles unearthed from the site, it can be seen that Chaozhou was able to burn high-grade buildings at that time. Material for multi-tier and multi-storey high-rise palaces, such as 35 cm long, 17 cm wide and 5 cm thick Chinese bricks and pots, ladles, dishes, salivary pots and other utensils, especially tile, such high-level building materials, can not be used for decoration in general residential buildings. Up to now, only three Han Dynasty buildings with tiles have been found in Guangdong. One is Yuewangtai on the 4th Zhongshan Road in Guangzhou City, the other is Changle Platform on the Xiongshishan Mountain in Wuhua, Meizhou, and the other is Guishan Site. The Changlestai site of Zhao Tuo, king of South Vietnam, is located in the upper reaches of the Meijiang River of the Han River. It is also possible that the building materials were fired in Chaozhou and shipped to Xiongshishan to build the platform. Because the tile of the platform is similar to Guishan but different from Yuewangtai in Guangzhou, it is also known that the pottery production in Chaozhou was very prosperous and developed as early as 2000 years ago. The green glazed pottery pots collected by Chaozhou Museum in the Han Dynasty are also evidence that Chaozhou in the Han Dynasty was able to produce pottery.

In the southern slope of Wushiling Mountain, Tangpu Village, Guihu Town, Chaoan County, there is a funeral Tomb of Emperor Xiaowu of Jin Dynasty in the eleventh year of Taiyuan (386). Porcelain bowls, ceramic pegs and ceramic spinning wheels are unearthed. Eight pieces of porcelain were also unearthed in the next year's tombs in Gushan, Chaoyang, including Pankou chicken head pot, porcelain sheep, pottery box and lid, four-ear pot, etc. There are also Jin Dynasty porcelain sheep and pottery pots in Jieyang Museum. Their embryonic quality is the same as the remains of Shangpu Ceramic Kiln in Chaozhou North Kiln. Because there are chronological bricks in these two Jin tombs, it can be proved that Chaozhou was able to produce porcelain in the Eastern Jin Dynasty more than 1600 years ago. It proves that the combination of Han and Vietnamese cultural exchanges has formed the embryonic form of Chaozhou culture.
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