|Frozen ceramic mug cups Zijin Glaze Late Qing Dynasty Cup|
It is people like to send the cup to relatives, friends and clients. Cup very useful addition there are more than a special meaning. Cup homonym is "lifetime", a cup means a lifetime. Cups are household utensils, ancient times and its main functions are to drink or tea. The basic type is mostly straight mouth or open, rim diameter approximately equal to the height of the cup. There are flat, ring foot or pupil. Archaeological data show that beginning in the earliest Neolithic cup. Whether Yangshao, Longshan culture or Hemudu cultural sites are to see the presence of ceramic cups. During this period the most peculiar cup diverse: with ear cups have one or both ears; with enough multi-tapered, three-legged cup, goblet-shaped cup, high handle cup and so on, a variety of forms, it is amazing .
Warring States to the Han dynasty appeared primitive celadon cups, which next to the oval of the Han Dynasty, shallow belly, long have flat ear cups along the most representative. Sui Dynasty Cup mostly straight mouth, the crust of green glazed small cup. Three-color glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty Cup and grain tire most distinctive pottery cup, was also popular dish with only a few sets of small cup combination drinkware. Cup Song and more straight mouth, pale belly, ring foot or pupil, high foot is flared. Song cup win more with glaze, Longquan kiln and such officer, brother, Yu, were each kiln. Which Cizhou underglaze black color decoration is quite clear. Fetus yuan cup heavy, often printed with a small cup of heart flowers for decoration, Ming and Qing dynasties which cup the most delicate, thin its tires, its glazed moist, its color is gorgeous, its type diversity. The famous Ming Dynasty Yongle pressure hand cup, Chenghua bucket color Stem cup, cylinder cup chicken, common in early Stem cup. Qing Dynasty Cup more straight mouth, deep abdominal, abdominal or not to put, as well as a covered or uncovered, respectively, diverse decorative techniques, there are blue and white, colorful, pastels and a variety of single-color glaze. Porcelain lamp, tea utensils. The basic type of exposure small enough, inclined straight wall, small jobs are generally more than blackjack. According to archaeological proof or documentation, it has been produced in the Eastern Jin Dynasty porcelain cup, the kind seen in the shape of straight Straight abdominal wall, pie flat foot, green-glazed Shi, open crushing grain film. Northern and Southern style tea became popular. Tea cup in the Tang Dynasty and the Five Dynasties period to the South and the North Xing Yue most prestigious. Tang tea cup known as "Ou", Lu Yu, "tea", said: "The state Ouyue, lips do not roll, bottom roll and shallow, that is only half a liter," Yue light of the general morphology shows. Yue cup Hotels with light care, the care is often designed to lotus leaf bead-like, pop-like petals tea cup, quite delicate and moving. Tai Zhi Yue light and delicate glaze layer uniform, green glaze, was Lu Yu called the top grade is granted. Xing lamp with "white as snow" and famous, and "the world is equally important and versatile of" shows its popularity. Tang Shinan north tea cup are open, straight oblique abdominal, jade wall at bottom common type.
Song Cha Doo wind Sheng, easy to observe because Mo white tea's sake, so special advocate to build kilns and Yonghe lamp black glaze kiln. Even Huizong Zhao Ji emperor is no exception. In his "Treatise on Tea" bluntly: "light color your Qinghei, jade cents were to be reached on." Jade cents of the light that is commonly known as rabbit hair light, produced in Jianyang kiln. Song lamp type generally has two: one for small shallow ring foot, abdominal oblique arc, straight rim; another way for the write-mouth, such as speakers, small shallow ring foot, abdominal oblique straight. Some with gilt decoration, book the words "Shoushan Fuhai." In addition to construction of the kiln, the kiln, Ge, Ding, Jun, Longquan kilns, kiln Song Ji states are generally fired tea cup.
Yuan Dynasty black glaze tea cup reduced, common green glaze products. Yuan tea cup more straight mouth, the carcass is more heavy. Xuande the Ming Dynasty to make the most beautiful white glaze lamp. Chenghua, Jiajing, followed by blue and white lights. Light in the early Ming Dynasty more than a small fold along, deep abdominal, advanced ring foot. More advanced small write-mouth, deep belly, on wide and narrow, shallow ring foot, multi-painted blue and white glaze on decorative patterns, also bucket color, colorful and monochrome glaze decoration. Qing Dynasty tea cup of shapes, decorative techniques, production processes are better than the former, which pastels and enamel painting decorative small lamp is exquisite. The basic shapes of open, curved abdominal wall, Quanzu previous high, big, deep, post relatively low, small, light, all repair system regular. The history of cups, the two contrast, the generation preceding cup, cup after cup to drink more, more for the tea cup, cup-shaped device is small, light in the shape larger cup feet tall , light multi-ring foot, cup decoration simple, light decoration complicated. Through the evolution of cups, tea and wine culture of the Chinese nation can glimpse the profound enlightenment.