|ceramic over-rim mug cup kitchenware|
It is people like to send the cup to relatives, friends and clients. In addition there is a very practical addition to the cup more special significance. Cup homonym is "lifetime", a cup means a lifetime. Cups are household utensils, since ancient times and its main function is to drink or tea. The basic type is mostly straight mouth or exposure to high rim diameter and cup almost equal. There are flat, ring foot or pupil. Archaeological data indicate that beginning in the earliest Neolithic cup. Whether Yangshao, Longshan culture or Hemudu cultural sites are to see the presence of ceramic cups. During this period the most peculiar cup diverse: with ear cups have one or both ears; with more tapered foot, three-legged cup, goblet-shaped cups, high handle cup, etc., in various forms, it is amazing .
Warring States to the Han appear primitive celadon cups, which oval beside the Han Dynasty, shallow belly, long have flat ear cups along the most representative. Sui Cup mostly straight mouth, glazed cake at the end of a small cup. Three-color glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty Cup and the pattern of fetal most distinctive pottery cup, was also popular dish with a combination of a few small cup sets of drinkware. Cup Song and more straight mouth, pale belly, ring foot or pupil, high foot is flared. Song cup glaze more to win, such as the Longquan kilns and officer, brother, Yu, were each kiln. Cizhou underglaze decoration which is quite distinctive black color. Fetus yuan cup heavy, often printed with a small cup of heart flowers for decoration, the Ming and Qing cup its most exquisite, its tires thin, its glaze warm, its color is gorgeous, its type and diverse. Ming Dynasty Yongle famous hand pressure cup, Chenghua bucket color Stem cup, cup chicken cylinder, common in the early pupil cup. Qing cup more straight mouth, deep abdominal, abdominal or not to put, there is no lid or cover, respectively, decorative techniques varied, there are blue and white, colorful, pastels and a variety of monochrome. Porcelain cup, tea utensils. The basic type of exposure small enough, oblique straight wall, are generally more small jobs, compared with blackjack. According to archaeological proof or documentation, porcelain lamp has been produced in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the kind seen in the shape of straight Straight abdominal wall, pie flat foot, Shi glazed, open grain crushing tablets. Northern and Southern Dynasties wind tea became popular. Tea cup in the Tang Dynasty and the Five Dynasties period to the South and the North Xing Yue most prestigious. Tang tea cup known as "Ou" Lu Yu "tea", said: "The Ouyue states, lips not volume, volume and shallow end, by half a liter of it," Yue light shows the approximate shape. Yue lamp lights more care with their care are often designed to be curled lotus leaf, tea cup on the tray-shaped petals, quite delicate and moving. Yue light Taizhi delicate glaze evenly green glaze, is Yu called the top grade is granted. Xing light to "white as snow" and famous, and "the world is equally important and universal of" shows its popularity. Tang Shinan north tea cup are open, straight oblique abdominal wall, a bottom wall jade foot is a common type.
Song Cha Doo wind Sheng, easy to observe because white tea Mo's sake, it is particularly advocating Yonghe build kilns and kiln black glaze lamp. Even Emperor Huizong Zhao Ji is no exception. In his "Treatise on Tea" bluntly: "Qinghei expensive light color, Yu cents were to be reached on." Jade cents strip light that is commonly known as rabbit hair light, produced in Fujian Jianyang kiln. Song lamp type generally has two: one for small shallow ring foot, abdominal oblique arc, straight rim; another way for write-mouth, such as speakers, small shallow ring foot, abdominal oblique straight. Some with gilt decoration, book the words "Shoushan Fuhai." In addition to construction of the kiln, kiln, Ge, Ding, Jun, Longquan kilns, kiln Song Ji states are generally fired tea cup.
Yuan black glaze tea cup relatively less common green glaze products. Yuan tea cup more straight mouth, more heavy carcass. Xuande the Ming Dynasty to make the most beautiful light glaze. Chenghua, Jiajing, followed by blue and white lights. Light in the early Ming Dynasty more than a small fold along, deep abdominal, advanced ring foot. More advanced small write-mouth, deep belly, on wide and narrow, shallow ring foot, multi-glaze blue and white painted decoration patterns, some bucket color, colorful and monochrome decor. Qing tea cup of shapes, decorative techniques, production processes are better than the former, the pastels and enamel painting decorative small lamp is exquisite. The basic shapes of open, curved abdominal wall, Quanzu previous high, large, dark, post relatively low, small, light, are regular repair system. The history of the cups, the two contrast, the generation preceding cup, cup after cup to drink more, and more for the tea cup, cup-shaped device is small, the shape of a large cup, cup feet tall , light multi Quanzu cup decoration simple, light decoration complicated. Through evolution cups, tea and wine culture of the Chinese nation can glimpse the profound enlightenment.