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Various raw materials for ceramic coffee mugs (1)

Ceramic Mug    From:Xinxiang Ceramic Mug Manufacturers     2020-9-23
From Xinxiang Ceramic Mug Manufacturers,The raw materials of ceramic mugs are mainly from rocks, which are mainly made of silicon and aluminum. This kind of rock is also used as raw material for ceramic mug, which is hardened by artificial heating, which is similar to the formation of igneous rock. Therefore, from the chemical point of view, the composition of the ceramic coffee mugs is no different from that of the rock. If it is a ceramic cup made of silicon and aluminum, The raw material composition of ceramic cups is divided into: blank, glaze and flower paper (optional), the main raw materials are as follows:

1. Ceramic Mug Blanks

1.1. Quartz - chemical composition is pure silica (SiO2), also known as silica. This kind of mineral has no stickiness even if it is broken into fine powder, which can be used to make up for the defect of excessive viscosity of ceramic raw materials. When the temperature is above 780, it is unstable and becomes tridymite, and begins to melt at 1730.

1.2. Feldspar is a compound mainly composed of silica and alumina, mixed with sodium, potassium, calcium, etc. There are many kinds of them because of their different components. Generally, some rocks with more feldspar are called feldspar, and some are named after their origin. Several representative feldspars and their compositions are listed in Table 1. The first three are pure theoretical components, while the latter contain all impure materials in rocks.

Albite and anorthite melt with each other in various proportions and become various feldspars. These are called plagioclase and their properties depend on the ratio of albite to anorthite. There is also a kind of orthoclase (K-feldspar) with the same composition but slightly different shape, which has been misinterpreted as orthoclase. In fact, this kind of feldspar should be called "microcline".

1.3. Porcelain clay (also known as "kaolin") - porcelain clay (h4al2si2o9) is the main raw material of custom ceramic coffee mugs. It is named after the kaolin produced near Jingdezhen, the first kiln factory in the world. Later, the Chinese pronunciation of "kaolin" evolved into "kaolin" and became an international noun. Pure porcelain clay is a kind of white or gray white soft mineral with silk luster.

2. Ceramic Mug Glaze

Glaze is covered in ceramic products on the surface of the colorless or colored glassy thin layer, is made of mineral raw materials (feldspar, quartz, talc, kaolin, etc.) and raw materials in a certain proportion with (some of the raw materials can be made of frit) after grinding made of glaze slurry, applied to the surface of the body, and then calcined at a certain temperature. Calcined at a certain temperature. Can increase the mechanical strength of products, thermal stability and dielectric strength, as well as beautifying objects, easy to wash, not by the dust fishy erosion and other characteristics.

There are many kinds of glaze, according to the billet class points, there are porcelain glaze, pottery glaze and flintware glaze; according to the firing temperature can be divided into high-temperature glaze, low-temperature glaze; according to the appearance of the characteristics can be divided into transparent glaze, milky glaze, color glaze, light glaze, light glaze, cracked glaze (open slice), crystal glaze, etc.; according to the glaze material Composition can be divided into lime glaze, feldspar glaze, lead glaze, lead-free glaze, boron glaze, lead-boron glaze and so on.
For more detailed information about glaze, please visit:

3.Flower Paper Of Ceramic Mug

Ceramic mugs are categorized into net-face (without pattern) and with pattern. Clean ceramic mugs usually do not have floral paper, and ceramic mugs with patterns have floral paper. Ceramic cups on the beautiful pattern, that is, flower paper. Flower paper according to the nature of the paper is divided into alcohol flower paper, under the glaze flower paper and small film flower paper three categories. Ceramic cups are basically used in the small film flower paper. The raw material is divided into: small film flower paper is composed of the bottom layer of the base paper (also known as paper base), the middle layer of the sol, and the surface of the cover oil composition.
For more detailed information about floral paper, please visit:

Xin Xiang Ceramic Mug Manufacturer is a leading manufacturer of custom ceramic mug with logo in china, We are a well-known manufacturer and supplier of ceramic mugs, factory in Shandong, which is known as the "Ceramic Capital of China".
We specialize in Ceramic Mugs, including Ceramic Coffee Mugs, ceramic tea mugs, sublimation mugs, double wall travel cups, coffee cup and saucer, color changing mugs, promotional mugs. Our ceramic mugs are classified by clay material: Stoneware Mugs, Porcelain Mugs, Bone China Mugs, Reinforced Porcelain Mugs, etc.
If you want to customize or design ceramic coffee mugs, please contact us. We design your own mug for free.

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