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|Transport of the busiest in the world the way ceramic mug suppliers the Mediterranean Sea has such a country, it north of the Black Sea, west of the Aegean Sea, across Europe and Asia. It is mostly located in Asia Minor peninsula, is the world's only with Western culture and history of the country, almost all great civilizations have been at this meet. This country - Turkey. |
Outside the car is still the Mediterranean sun, but after the baptism of the Millennium sand, out of the window track is still the old city Duanyuan everywhere. Is that in front of the city has been Greece, Rome and the Ottoman Empire as a capital city? Is this the world-famous Silk Road is the western end of town it?
When we "civilization" when the crew came here, in front of the Bosporus Bridge, this tells us, this is Istanbul.
The city in the long time traces everywhere. Years ago the temple, a hundred years ago the market decades ago, tram and modern fashion clothing store in the city landscape to the existence of their own. We walk the streets in Istanbul, always feel too noisy, messy and disorderly, but in this noisy, messy and disorderly in a corner we happened to find some do not have the charm of the traces. Here is a famous ancient Istanbul book market. Here we can find some treasures through the time it?
Ottoman Empire on a map, we clearly see the Great Wall of China, although this map can not confirm the then Ottoman by overland or sea routes to and from Turkey and Chang, but find a map of the accident illustrates the Ottoman period between China and Turkey have each had.
By a map of the Turkish businessmen, we understand that China and Turkey during the Ottoman Empire already has a land between the silk trade route. However, according to historical data on the records, the Chinese silk in addition to the Eurasian continent by land lines across a large number of exports to Central Asia, West Asia and Africa, European countries, there are a steady flow of sea traffic in the Chinese goods shipped to world countries. This transit is called "Maritime Silk Road." It is between China and the rest of the world the importance of maritime trade channels. "Marine Silk Road" began in the Western Han Dynasty, flourished in the late Tang Dynasty, and its starting point in China's southeast coast, the caravan along the East China Sea, South China Sea through the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea to the east coast of Africa or the Red Sea, the Mediterranean Sea to the West country; Because this crossing is the main trade porcelain products, so also known as "the capital of road." Floating down the coast in this trade route as collections of Chinese porcelain pearl, light the whole of Southeast Asia, Africa and the Arab world. Istanbul is the "porcelain of the road," the terminal it? This map is clearly not give business to accurately answer this question with us to the palace known as one of the world's top ten Topkapi Palace. Because, according to American scholar John. Alexander. The discovery spectrum recorded: Istanbul, Turkey, Topkapi Palace, a large number of the Yuan Dynasty blue and white porcelain cache of both quantity and quality, are in the world. The porcelain is through "Porcelain Road" you come here? The road is made of porcelain exist in the world but not the most beautiful blue and white Yuan of China in its firing state, the Islamic countries out of the palace is now far away in it?
Islamic imperial palace built in the fifteenth century, an area of seven hundred hectares, and its exterior styling and interior design are permeated with a strong Islamic culture. The early twentieth century, the Turkish Republic will this full history of the Ottoman Empire Sultan's palace turned into a brilliant performance permanent museum. Said to be known as the world's most precious treasure in the lush green trees blue and white porcelain to the second courtyard. Five hundred years, why the Chinese porcelain palace hiding in a foreign country. Whether they hide behind some kind of history?
Chinese porcelain experts tell us, Topkapi Palace collection of porcelain, of over twelve thousand pieces, is the second world, after China and Germany the third largest porcelain museum, where the possession of prolific Chinese porcelain from the Yuan, Ming and Qing Longquan and Jingdezhen period. The bowl-type, tape-based, regardless of origin where the blue and white porcelain, the Ottoman Sultan of the Queen are all things. This porcelain sheer number of amazing quality of the fine, we can not help wondering, why the Ottoman ruler of so many Chinese porcelain collection of it?
On the collection and use of the Ottoman royal family likes to say of Chinese porcelain, in addition to the above but also have a lot of reasons, it is said that the Ottoman Turks is a rare porcelain treasures, therefore, Ali. Eritrea light shell in the "Chinese knowledge in mind," one wrote: Regardless of China's blue and white porcelain into anything, can make the scum deposition; durable and will never fade; only diamond can scratch it, and only through this diamond ways to distinguish the true and false; with blue and white porcelain food and water, without the worry of lead poisoning, can keep fit; despite the blue and white hard, but facing the lamp or the sun to see, through the device from the inside see the pattern of the outer wall.
Metadata from a beautiful blue and white porcelain pieces, we found that almost all the porcelain in both Tibetan Buddhism and painted decoration, and a mix of ancient Chinese imperial power on behalf of the Dragon and Phoenix, there are many Han Chinese culture and art style of decoration. This is a strict Muslim and pagan propaganda against the country is inconceivable. So, what makes people so tolerant Ottoman and crazy in love with porcelain it? According to records, the year eight hundred and sixteen years ago, the green is the color preferences of Islam in many of the buildings we can see the green dome or decoration. But in the 14th century, Mongolian Persian nobility converted to Islam Sufism, Sufism itself is like the blue, but also that the white represents God's holiness, so accept the conversion, but also accepted on behalf of Mongolian blue. Since then, the blue became the color of the Ottoman royal family advocate. However, the Persian aristocracy of Mongolia, why do like the blue and white? To the territory's most extensive, has a huge wealth in the Yuan Dynasty, Genghis Khan, mass production of blue and white Why should it? Find historical data we know that, in the reign of Genghis Khan, Mongolia, the royal family of shamanic destiny. Because of the supremacy of the sky is blue, so blue became the color of the Golden family, who call themselves Blue Mongol. At the same time, they think only with the Mongolian royal family and nobles only use white, blue and white Yuan blue and white so the production is not accidental. It is a sign of nobility in the Yuan Dynasty, is also represents the soul of the Mongolian rulers of the holy things.
In another showcase of the museum, we also found a lot of possession and Ming blue and white porcelain, but in front of blue and white porcelain with a completely different element. Although the same is the blue and white porcelain made in China, but here it has a very distinct traces of Islamic culture, which can not help but let us once again to wonder, these blue and white porcelain is a Chinese burn it? If so, why burn so exotic style blue and white porcelain was it?
At that time Turkey did not advanced Chinese porcelain art, so the Topkapi Palace collection of these Ming blue and white porcelain from the beginning Jiajingnianjian processing properties are mainly export porcelain trade. Shape, pattern, ornamentation provided entirely by the other party, and the best from the West cobalt imports from Jingdezhen craftsmen to the most advanced technology baked. Because in the Jingdezhen area of cultural relics unearthed in the Turks, we do not rule out the Turks to Jingdezhen direct design, guidance and supervision create the possibility of blue and white porcelain. It can be said that these blue and white porcelain, the West culture directly interact with the product.
Looked so fine Chinese porcelain that we can not help but sigh, perhaps the thirteenth century by the Ottoman Sultan will reward noble piece of Chinese porcelain and proud; perhaps the medieval West residents for their use of fine china tableware from the Far crossing ocean shipment of Chinese are very proud of; perhaps one day, people wandering in the sleeping thousands of years old ruins of the ancient Middle East, recall the past glory of Islamic, will for the decoration in Chinese porcelain on the Great Mosque proud. The road will not only let the Chinese porcelain to the world, but also to spread Chinese traditional culture and development.
Ai Xie told we want to explore more of porcelain we must cross the Sea of Marmara in Turkey, to Istanbul, 100 km southeast of Iznik Lake City to the east coast. Because there are more porcelain in waiting for us.
Here the streets, porcelain everywhere. Here we also found the ruins of many of the kiln system, just like the construction of the Chinese way is the same. Piles of shattered tiles which we kind of time travel back to China, "Jingdezhen" feeling.
We went into shops, an array of Turkish porcelain appeared. The owner Farui Dan greeted us warmly and introduced us their firing porcelain.
Iznik is connected in the Byzantine period and eastern Anatolia, a major trade route. The late thirteenth century, which is occupied by the Ottoman Empire, the first center. Iznik blue and white porcelain of the early firing, the Chinese yuan is completely generic, the early Ming blue and white porcelain, firing period lasted from the fifteenth century to the seventh century.
Obviously, now the locals are not very familiar with Chinese porcelain, and porcelain production of their own cultural characteristics of Turkey have been very, porcelain, painted patterns and various types of veins is not only delicate, ceramic techniques from China, Turkey has passed, porcelain has been Turkey into the distinctive features.
This allows us to think of the English pronunciation of Chinese porcelain, some say the pronunciation is derived from ancient China Jingdezhen was originally called "Chang South"; It was also said China is the pronunciation of Qin. But when you open the dictionary, you will find, China's free translation and used in China and porcelain.
In order to make us more intuitive understanding of the Turkish porcelain, Farui Dan accompanied us to visit the more famous one in Iznik porcelain workshop manual.
Here from raw materials to blank, polished, glazed, understanding of the traditional Turkish porcelain firing process. And this firing method and our method is very similar to the traditional firing.
As Turkey's national flower tulip in porcelain for granted, but what is Rumi? Why does he also appear in patterns on porcelain it?
Hostess told us that this kind of pattern derived from the Turkish dance also known as Rumi circling dance, the dance performed entirely by men. Performers dressed in robes, spinning on the stage, fantastic spectacle. Rumi dance from a Turkish poet named Rumi, he and Ferdowsi, Saadi, Hafez famous and known as the "poetry poster." Rumi's poetry and ideas on later literature and religion of Sufism had a great impact. So he in literary history and the minds of the people of Turkey, enjoys high prestige. Rumi in honor of a friend, the Mola Wei founded the Sufi sect, which the West known as the "rotating ascetic monk" (Wirling Dervishes). At the same time Rumi Dance came into being. Shenzhen Ai Lumi porcelain artists to Rumi's image evolved into a china dance patterns to express their respect and remembrance of Rumi.
After the capital of the distant road bumps, those who survived the Chinese porcelain, still the world's gaze, quietly tells the wonderful story between the two ancient civilizations. In our way back and forth, searching, the old road of china in the past thousand years later, the style is still present. The invention of Chinese porcelain is a great contribution to world civilization, it is life and art, technology and art in close connection with the product. Communication and foreign culture, folk customs has played a vital role in promoting. "Porcelain Road" in huge countries in the world of business wealth, but also to the cultural life of all peoples had a tremendous impact, rich content of the history of world civilization.
Top of the mountain, Sails little distance, near the Channel coast, stone castles and quaint little fishing village par one after another, past and present, the realm of luxury and simplicity is so distinctive coexist. It has been said, the Turkish style is sensual resonance, hybrid landscape shaped taste Dramas. This has ancient ruins, mysterious legends of the country there will be many stories waiting for us?
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